Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM <p>Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Maharatu Pekanbaru.</p> <p>Konten jurnal meliputi ilmu tentang kebidanan, keperawatan dan kesehatan masyarakat.&nbsp;</p> en-US jkm@stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id (Admin JKM) masrizal.2013@gmail.com (Masrizal) Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Tindakan Perawat dalam Pemilahan Limbah Medis di Ruang Rawat Inap Kelas 3 RSUD Puri Husada Tembilahan https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/71 <p>Medical waste is an infectious and hazardous material that must be managed properly, so as not to become a new source of infection for the community around the health facility or for health workers in the health facility itself. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to the actions of nurses in sorting medical waste in the Class 3 Inpatient Room at the Puri Husada Tembilahan Regional General Hospital. The research design used is a cross sectional study. The results of this study concluded that there was a significant relationship between knowledge (p = 0.013, attitude (p = 0.049) and availability of facilities (p = 0.003) with nurses' actions in sorting medical waste (p value &lt; 0.05). with the actions of nurses in sorting medical waste (p value &gt; 0.05). The study recommends monitoring the action of sorting medical waste so that the implementation of SOPs can be applied in the workplace and providing training to officers on routine medical waste management, and it is hoped that&nbsp; the hospital will improve facilities medical waste disposal sites to be more in line with the regulations of the minister of health.</p> <p>Pengetahuan, Sikap, Ketersediaan Fasilitas Rumah Sakit</p> Eliza Fitria, Betty Nia Rulen, Dessy Srikandi Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/71 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Kepatuhan Minum Tablet Tambah Darah Pada Remaja Putri dalam Upaya Pencegahan Stunting: Systematic Review https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/69 <p>Pregnant women under the age of 20 years (too young) have a risk of giving birth to babies with low birth weight (LBW). The incidence of stunting from mothers who give birth to LBW babies is about 20% of the incidence of stunting. Various difficulties in reducing stunting cases by providing assistance to families at risk of stunting, prospective brides/potential couples of childbearing age (PUS) and surveillance of families at risk of stunting, including adolescent girls and women of childbearing age to prevent editing by giving blood supplementation tablets. This study uses a systematic review method to see the factors of rheumatism compliance in consuming blood-added tablets. There are many factors that influence the adherence of rheumatism (adolescent girls) in consuming blood-added tablets, including knowledge, behaviour and teacher support. Compliance in consuming blood tablets is expected to prepare young women in a state of optimal reproductive health and not in the category of anemia which can affect the health of young women when entering the reproductive period and have an impact on increasing stunting cases. Cross-sectoral joint efforts are needed to support the success of adherence to consuming blood-added tablets in adolescent girls and find solutions to factors that can make rheumatism disobedient in consuming blood-added tablets. The role of teachers, families and control cards for taking blood-added tablets can help in compliance with consuming blood-added tablets in adolescent girls</p> Wan Anita Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/69 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor – Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kegagalan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/66 <p>Developing countries, including Indonesia, about 10 million babies dying, and about 60% of these deaths could have pressed one of which is to give exclusive breastfeeding. Kampar which consists of 12 districts, the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding program is 31.38% where the District of Asi Exclusive lowest achievement is the District Kampar 16.9%. Purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the failure of exclusive breastfeeding in Public Health Kampar. This research uses descriptive analytic research with cross sectional approach. The sample in this research are 62 mothers who had babies 6 months and samples in this study were 38 mothers were taken by simple random sampling. The results showed the majority of women respondents aged &lt;29 years was 65.8%, 52.6% junior high school educated, knowledgeable about 55.3%, 52.6% have a positive attitude, work 78.9% and 55.3% of mothers there is a failure in breastfeeding. Statistical test results obtained no influence knowledge (<em>p</em><em>value&nbsp; </em>= 0.011), attitude (<em>p</em><em>value </em>= 0.003) and employment (<em>p</em><em>value </em>= 0.013) against the failure of exclusive breastfeeding in Public Health Kampar, for the expected Public Health Kampar particularly the promotion order can provide direct counseling to the mother who came to the clinic and distribute posters or brochures about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding in infants.</p> Muhammad Irwan, Anita Syarifah, Rummy Islami Zalni, Sita Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/66 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Pisang Ambon dalam Menurunkan Hipertensi pada Lansia: Literatur Review https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/62 <p>WHO (<em>World Health Organization)</em> menyebutkan warga ekonomi berkembang memiliki penderita hipertensi sebanyak 40% sedangkan negara maju hanya 35%, kawasan Afrika memegang posisi puncak penderita hipertensi yaitu sebesar 40%, kawasan Amerika sebesar 35% dan Asia Tenggara 36%. Sedangkan di Indonesia cukup tinggi yakni mencapai 32% dari total jumlah penduduk, capaian persentase penduduk dengan tekanan darah tinggi berdasarkan laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) tahun 2018 untuk provinsi Riau sebesar 29,14% dan di Kota Pekanbaru sebesar 28,20%. Salah satu terapi non-farmakologi untuk mengatasi tekanan darah tinggi yaitu pisang ambon yang mangandung tinggi kalium. Telaah literatur ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pisang ambon terhadap hipertensi pada lansia. Penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan <em>literature review</em> dengan metode pencarian menggunakan pada <em>data base Scholar google</em> dan<em> Sinta Ristekdikti</em>. Kriteria inklusi yang digunakan yaitu menggunakan jurnal untuk mengatasi masalah hipertensi pada lansia yang dapat diakses full text. Tahun jurnal yang digunakan dibatasi 15 tahun terakhir. Berdasarkan telaah literatur pada 20 jurnal didapatkan bahwa pisang ambon dapat diberikan kepada penderita hipertensi dengan pemberian 2 buah dalam 1 hari selama 1 minggu, diukur sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Hasil telaah literatur menunjukkan bahwa pisang ambon dapat menurunkan hipertensi karena mengandung kalium yang tinggi yang bekerja mirip obat antihipertensi di dalam tubuh manusia. Diharapkan bagi lansia dan masyarakat maupun keluarga dapat menerapkan pengobatan herbal yang tepat untuk mengobati gejala hipertensi salah satunya mengkonsumsi pisang ambon agar menurunkan kadar tekanan darah tinggi, jadi bisa mengurangi penggunaan obat-obatan farmakologi yang ada efek sampingnya.WHO (<em>World Health Organization)</em> menyebutkan warga ekonomi berkembang memiliki penderita hipertensi sebanyak 40% sedangkan negara maju hanya 35%, kawasan Afrika memegang posisi puncak penderita hipertensi yaitu sebesar 40%, kawasan Amerika sebesar 35% dan Asia Tenggara 36%. Sedangkan di Indonesia cukup tinggi yakni mencapai 32% dari total jumlah penduduk, capaian persentase penduduk dengan tekanan darah tinggi berdasarkan laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) tahun 2018 untuk provinsi Riau sebesar 29,14% dan di Kota Pekanbaru sebesar 28,20%. Salah satu terapi non-farmakologi untuk mengatasi tekanan darah tinggi yaitu pisang ambon yang mangandung tinggi kalium. Telaah literatur ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pisang ambon terhadap hipertensi pada lansia. Penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan <em>literature review</em> dengan metode pencarian menggunakan pada <em>data base Scholar google</em> dan<em> Sinta Ristekdikti</em>. Kriteria inklusi yang digunakan yaitu menggunakan jurnal untuk mengatasi masalah hipertensi pada lansia yang dapat diakses full text. Tahun jurnal yang digunakan dibatasi 15 tahun terakhir. Berdasarkan telaah literatur pada 20 jurnal didapatkan bahwa pisang ambon dapat diberikan kepada penderita hipertensi dengan pemberian 2 buah dalam 1 hari selama 1 minggu, diukur sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Hasil telaah literatur menunjukkan bahwa pisang ambon dapat menurunkan hipertensi karena mengandung kalium yang tinggi yang bekerja mirip obat antihipertensi di dalam tubuh manusia. Diharapkan bagi lansia dan masyarakat maupun keluarga dapat menerapkan pengobatan herbal yang tepat untuk mengobati gejala hipertensi salah satunya mengkonsumsi pisang ambon agar menurunkan kadar tekanan darah tinggi, jadi bisa mengurangi penggunaan obat-obatan farmakologi yang ada efek sampingnya.</p> Febrina Syafira, Awaluddin Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/62 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Pengetahuan dan Sikap Mahasiswa Terhadap Kesiapsiagaan Bencana: Literature Review https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/65 <p>Indonesia merupakan daerah yang sering berpotensi terjadi bencana. Berdasarkan laporan tahunan BNPB, telah terjadi 3.058 kejadian bencana alam sepanjang tahun 2021. Bencana alam yang paling sering terjadi yaitu bencana banjir berjumlah 1.288 kejadian, diikuti cuaca ekstrem 791 kasus dan tanah longsor 623 kasus. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap mahasiswa terhadap kesiapsiagaan bencana. Metode penelitian yaitu penelitian kepustakaan (<em>library research</em>) dengan metode literature review. Sumber data penelitian yaitu berasal dari literature yang sudah dipublikasi di google dan google scholar yang dipublikasikan dalam bentuk Bahasa Indonesia dari tahun 2017 hingga 2022. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan seluruh artikel yang direvie yaitu berjumlah 5 artikel menyatakan pengetahuan berhubungan dengan kesiapsiagaan bencana pada mahasiswa dan hanya 4 dari 5 artikel yang menyatakan sikap berhubungan dengan kesiapsiagaan bencana pada mahasiswa. Adapun rekomendasi yaitu Bagi institusi pendidikan dapat menyusun draft kurikulum tentang manajemen bencana serta bersama pemerintah dalam hal ini instansi terkait melaksanakan kegiatan seminar, workshop serta pelatihan kebencanaan.</p> Yoana Agnesia, Nopianto Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/65 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kekambuhan Hipertensi di Puskesmas Lima Puluh Kota Pekanbaru https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/61 <p><em>Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, blood pressure is the strength of blood flow from the heart that drives the walls of blood vessels (arteries).</em> <em>Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015 showed that around 1.13 billion people worldwide suffer from hypertension. The number of people with hypertension in the world continues to increase in 2025 there will be 1.5 billion people affected by hypertension. It is estimated that every year 9.5 million people die from hypertension and complications every year. Factors that cause hypertension recurrence consist of factors that can not be changed such as age and sex and factors that can be changed such as medication adherence, salt consumption, smoking habits, obesity, lack of physical activity, stress and so on. </em><em>The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with hypertension recurrence</em><em>. </em><em>The design of this study is cross sectional which is a research design in which data for independent and dependent variables are obtained at the same time and simultaneously, the number of samples is 45 respondents with total sampling technique. The results of the study with statistical tests indicate the value of taking medication adherence p value: 0,000, dietary patterns p value 0.001, and stress p value 0.011 where both are smaller than alpha (p &lt;0.05). The conclusion is that there is a significant relationship between medication adherence, diet, and stress on hypertension recurrence. The recommendations of the results of this study are that respondents are more aware of the factors associated with hypertension recurrence by complying with medication, eating patterns, and avoiding stress.</em></p> Rummy Islami Zalni, Shinta Dewi Kasih Bratha, Fitriana Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/61 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Vaksinasi Covid-19 di UPT Puskesmas Sapat Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/60 <p>Penyakit <em>coronavirus </em>(COVID-19) adalah penyakit menular yang disebabkan oleh <em>coronavirus </em>yang baru ditemukan. Sebagian besar orang yang terinfeksi virus COVID-19 akan mengalami penyakit pernapasan ringan hingga sedang dan sembuh tanpa memerlukan perawatan khusus. Orang yang lebih tua, dan mereka yang memiliki masalah medis mendasar seperti penyakit kardiovaskular, diabetes, penyakit pernapasan kronis, dan kanker lebih mungkin mengembangkan penyakit serius). Tujuan penelitian adalah diketahui Faktor faktor yang melatarbelakangi Persepsi masyarakat terhadap Vaksinasi COVID-19 di puskesmas Sapat. Penelitian ini dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sapat Kabupaten Indragiri Hilir dengan jumlah populasi sebanyak 10.074 dengan jumlah sampel 99 orang responden. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah korelasional dengan jenis &nbsp;<em>cross sectiona</em>l. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan uji statistik <em>chi square</em> untuk menganalisis hubungan antar variabel. Hasil&nbsp; penelitian ini menunjukkan ada hubungan pengetahuan masyarakat dengan persepsi masyarakat terhadap Vaksinasi COVID-19 di wilayah UPT Puskesmas Sapat dengan <em>p </em>value 0,032 &lt; 0,005, ada hubungan budaya masyarakat dengan persepsi masyarakat terhadap vaksinasi COVID-19 dengan <em>p </em>value 0,004 &lt; 0,005, ada hubungan informasi yang diperoleh Masyarakat dengan persepsi masyarakat terhadap vaksinasi COVID-19 dengan &nbsp;<em>p </em>value 0,017 &lt; 0,005. Disarankan untuk meningkatkn pengetahuan, melakukan pendekatan budaya, dan penyebaran infromasi &nbsp;tentang&nbsp; vaksinasi Covid-19 &nbsp;harus ditingkatkan terutama di wilayah-wilayah dusun dusun atau parit parit wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sapat.</p> Ratna Juwita, Zurni Seprina, Surya Darma Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/60 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi Masa Pandemi Covid-19 https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/58 <p><em>The COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the coverage of basic immunization in every puskesmas including the Bonai Darussalam Health Center in Rokan Hulu Regency which did not reach the complete basic immunization target of 60.3%. The low coverage of basic immunization in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic is due to parents' ignorance of the importance of basic immunization, especially during a pandemic like this. This study aims to determine the factors related to the completeness of basic immunization in infants during the COVID 19 pandemic in the Bonai Darussalam Health Center Work Area, Rokan Hulu Regency. This type of research is quantitative with a cross sectional approach. The study was conducted at the Bonai Darussalam Health Center from 04-19 June 2021. The population in the study was all mothers who had babies aged 12 months as many as 294 people. The research sample amounted to 164 respondents. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The results showed that the knowledge of the mother was less than 75 people (45.7%), the family did not support 98 people (59.8%), the support from health workers was 88 people (53.7%) and the baby did not receive the support. Complete basic immunization during the COVID-19 pandemic was 94 people (57.3%). The results of the chi-square test showed that there was a relationship between knowledge (p = 0.008), family support (p = 0.001) with completeness of basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. There was no relationship between health worker support (p = 0.352) and completeness of immunization. Basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. It was concluded that family knowledge and support were related to the completeness of basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. It is recommended that health workers conduct socialization and counseling to mothers who have babies and their families, especially in providing basic immunizations to infants. during the COVID-19 pandemic</em><em>.</em></p> Lia Fentia, Ratna Juwita, Vitri Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/58 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Terapi Musik Lullaby Terhadap Berat Badan Bayi https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/57 <p><em>The baby's weight after being outside the womb will decrease in the first 3 or 4 days of life and will again increase after breastfeeding or another feeding. Baby weight is an indicator of the nutritional picture in infants that can affect the process of growing and developing for the baby. Music therapy is a form of holistic medicine that goes directly to the symptoms of the disease. The success of therapy is determined by the cooperation between the baby's parents and the therapist. This study aims to see the influence of lullaby music therapy on baby weight in the working area of Puskesmas Kampar Kiri Tengah. The design of this research is the quasiexperiment pre-test and post-test design. Tools in data collection using observation sheets and lullaby music. The samples in the study were 18 control groups and 18 intervention groups. The result of this study obtained median difference between pretest and posttest in the intervention group given lullaby music therapy is</em></p> <p><em>50.00 while the average difference between pretest and posttest in the control group without therapy is 0.00, p- value = 0.014 The advice of this study is for the Puskesmas to be more active in educating the public related to the introduction of lullaby music in the community in improving the nutritional status of infants.</em></p> Shinta Dewi Kasih Bratha Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/57 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Pengetahuan Ibu Hamil Tentang Infeksi Saluran Kemih di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidomulyo Kota Pekanbaru https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/56 <p>Infeksi saluran kemih adalah penyakit infeksi yang sering terjadi pada perempuan. Menurut World Health Organization (WHO), infeksi saluan kemih adalah penyakit infeksi kedua tersering sebanyak 8,3 juta kasus di laporkan pertahun. Ibu hamil lebih beresiko terkena infeksi saluran kemih karena perubahan anatomi dan fisiologis pada ibu hamil. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Inap Kota Pekanbaru tahun gambaran pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang infeksi saluran kemih di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidomulyo Rawat 2021. Survei awal yang dilakukan oleh peneliti didapatkan 3 ibu hamil mengetahui tentang infeksi saluran kemih dan 12 ibu hamil kurang memahami nfeksi saluran kemih. Penelitian ini bersifat Kuantitatif menggunakan desain penelitian Deskriptif. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampai Oktober 2021. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah ibu hamil di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sidomulyo Rawat Inap Kota Pekanbaru sebanyak 44 orang. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 30 orang yang diambil menggunakan teknik <em>accidental sampling</em>. Alat ukur penelitian dengan menggunakan kuesioner, lalu diolah dengan langkah-langkah <em>Editing, coding, cleaning.</em> Selanjutnya dianalisis secara univarat. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang infeksi saluran kemih mayoritas berpengetahuan cukup sebanyak 16 orang (54%). Kurangnya sumber informasi mengakibatkan kurangnya pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang infeksi saluran kemih. Ibu hamil diharapkan untuk dapat mencari informasi tentang infeksi saluran kemih melalui penyuluhan, internet, televise, surat kabar atau majalah dan juga buku kesehatan.</p> Rizka Angrainy, Rita Nurba Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/56 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Motivasi Perawat dalam Penerapan Proses Asuhan Keperawatan di Rumah Sakit Tentara Tk IV Pekanbaru https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/54 <p><em>Nursing care is a systematic and scientific method used by nurses to meet client needs in achieving or maintaining optimal biological, psychological, social and spiritual conditions through the stages of nursing assessment, identifying nursing diagnoses, determining nursing planning, carrying out nursing actions and evaluating them. The work motivation factor of nurses is not as expected, so this can cause a decrease in the enthusiasm and motivation of nurses in carrying out the nursing care process. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to the motivation of nurses in implementing the nursing care process at the Tk IV Army Hospital Pekanbaru. This research method is quantitative with cross sectional study design. The sample in this study were 35 nurses who were taken by total sampling. The results of this study were bivariate, it was found that there was no significant relationship between the level of education (p value = 0.725) and the motivation of nurses in implementing the nursing care process, while there was a significant relationship between the level of knowledge (p value = 0.018), reward (p value = 0.002) and the motivation of nurses in implementing the nursing care process at the Tk IV Army Hospital Pekanbaru. It is hoped that the hospital can improve the quality of service, quality and human resources of the hospital in order to improve services to patients.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Motivation Factors, Nurse Motivation, Nursing Care</em></p> Emi Yulita, Desi Hartati, Muhammad Irwan Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Kesehatan Maharatu https://ojs.stikestengkumaharatu.ac.id/index.php/JKM/article/view/54 Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0700