Faktor Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi Masa Pandemi Covid-19

  • Lia Fentia STIKes Tengku Maharatu
  • Ratna Juwita STIKes Tengku Maharatu
  • Vitri Wahyuni STIKes Tengku Maharatu

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic had an impact on the coverage of basic immunization in every puskesmas including the Bonai Darussalam Health Center in Rokan Hulu Regency which did not reach the complete basic immunization target of 60.3%. The low coverage of basic immunization in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic is due to parents' ignorance of the importance of basic immunization, especially during a pandemic like this. This study aims to determine the factors related to the completeness of basic immunization in infants during the COVID 19 pandemic in the Bonai Darussalam Health Center Work Area, Rokan Hulu Regency. This type of research is quantitative with a cross sectional approach. The study was conducted at the Bonai Darussalam Health Center from 04-19 June 2021. The population in the study was all mothers who had babies aged 12 months as many as 294 people. The research sample amounted to 164 respondents. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The results showed that the knowledge of the mother was less than 75 people (45.7%), the family did not support 98 people (59.8%), the support from health workers was 88 people (53.7%) and the baby did not receive the support. Complete basic immunization during the COVID-19 pandemic was 94 people (57.3%). The results of the chi-square test showed that there was a relationship between knowledge (p = 0.008), family support (p = 0.001) with completeness of basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. There was no relationship between health worker support (p = 0.352) and completeness of immunization. Basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. It was concluded that family knowledge and support were related to the completeness of basic immunization for infants during the COVID 19 pandemic. It is recommended that health workers conduct socialization and counseling to mothers who have babies and their families, especially in providing basic immunizations to infants. during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Published
2022-04-30